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Differences What are the advantages of each

Front view of Intel Pentium 4 630

Reasons to consider the
Intel Pentium 4 630

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Much higher clock speed 3 GHz vs 1.6 GHz More than 85% higher clock speed
Much more l2 cache 2 MB vs 0.5 MB 4x more l2 cache; more data can be stored in the l2 cache for quick access later
Supports dynamic frequency scaling Yes vs No Somewhat common; Allows for maximum performance when needed, while conserving power and minimizing heat production when not needed
Much more l2 cache per core 2 MB/core vs 0.5 MB/core 4x more l2 cache per core
Much better overclocked clock speed (Air) 3.83 GHz vs 1.89 GHz More than 2x better overclocked clock speed (Air)
Much better overclocked clock speed (Water) 4.33 GHz vs 1.6 GHz Around 2.8x better overclocked clock speed (Water)
Front view of Intel Atom 230

Reasons to consider the
Intel Atom 230

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Much newer manufacturing process 45 nm vs 90 nm A newer manufacturing process allows for a more powerful, yet cooler running processor
Much lower typical power consumption 3.25W vs 68.25W 21x lower typical power consumption
Significantly higher Maximum operating temperature 85.2 °C vs 66.6 °C Around 30% higher Maximum operating temperature
Newer Jun, 2008 vs Oct, 2005 Release date over 2 years later
Much lower annual home energy cost 0.96 $/year vs 20.24 $/year 21x lower annual home energy cost
Much lower annual commercial energy cost 3.5 $/year vs 73.58 $/year 21x lower annual commercial energy cost

Benchmarks Real world tests of Pentium 4 630 vs Atom 230

GeekBench (32-bit) Data courtesy Primate Labs

GeekBench (64-bit) Data courtesy Primate Labs

Atom 230
1,064

GeekBench

Atom 230
1,064

Specifications Full list of technical specs

summary

Pentium 4 630  vs
Atom 230 
Clock speed 3 GHz 1.6 GHz
Cores Single core Single core
Socket type
LGA 775
437

features

Has a NX bit Yes Yes
Supports trusted computing No No
Has virtualization support No No
Instruction set extensions
MMX
SSE
SSE2
SSE3
Supports dynamic frequency scaling Yes No

power consumption

TDP 84W 4W
Annual home energy cost 20.24 $/year 0.96 $/year
Annual commercial energy cost 73.58 $/year 3.5 $/year
Typical power consumption 68.25W 3.25W

bus

Architecture FSB FSB
Number of links 1 1
Clock speed 800 MHz 533 MHz

details

Pentium 4 630  vs
Atom 230 
Architecture x86-64 x86-64
Threads 2 2
L2 cache 2 MB 0.5 MB
L2 cache per core 2 MB/core 0.5 MB/core
Manufacture process 90 nm 45 nm
Transistor count 169,000,000 47,000,000
Max CPUs 1 1
Clock multiplier 15 12
Voltage range 1.2 - 1.4V 0.9 - 1.16V
Operating temperature Unknown - 66.6°C Unknown - 85.2°C

overclocking

Overclocked clock speed 3.83 GHz 1.89 GHz
Overclocked clock speed (Water) 4.33 GHz 1.6 GHz
Overclocked clock speed (Air) 3.83 GHz 1.89 GHz

integrated graphics

GPU None None
Label N/A N/A
Latest DirectX N/A N/A
Number of displays supported N/A N/A
GPU clock speed N/A N/A
Turbo clock speed N/A N/A
3DMark06 N/A N/A
Intel Pentium 4 630
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Intel Atom 230
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