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Differences What are the advantages of each

Front view of Intel Core i7 860

Reasons to consider the
Intel Core i7 860

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More cores 4 vs 2 Twice as many cores; run more applications at once
Supports trusted computing Yes vs No Somewhat common; Allows for safer, more reliable computing
Much better overclocked clock speed (Air) 4.14 GHz vs 3.67 GHz Around 15% better overclocked clock speed (Air)
Slightly higher Maximum operating temperature 72.7 °C vs 72 °C Almost the same
Better overclocked clock speed (Water) 4.15 GHz vs 3.81 GHz Around 10% better overclocked clock speed (Water)
Front view of Intel Core i3 4160

Reasons to consider the
Intel Core i3 4160

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Much higher clock speed 3.6 GHz vs 2.8 GHz Around 30% higher clock speed
Has a built-in GPU Yes vs No Somewhat common; A separate graphics adapter is not required
Much lower typical power consumption 43.88W vs 156.35W 3.6x lower typical power consumption
Much newer manufacturing process 22 nm vs 45 nm A newer manufacturing process allows for a more powerful, yet cooler running processor
Much better performance per watt 12.89 pt/W vs 0.96 pt/W Around 13.5x better performance per watt
Supports more RAM 32,768 MB vs 16,384 MB Supports 2x more RAM
Much lower annual home energy cost 13.01 $/year vs 53.98 $/year 4.1x lower annual home energy cost
Much lower annual commercial energy cost 47.3 $/year vs 157.68 $/year 3.3x lower annual commercial energy cost
Newer Jul, 2014 vs Jul, 2009 Release date over 5 years later

Benchmarks Real world tests of Core i7 860 vs i3 4160

CompuBench 1.5 (Bitcoin mining) Data courtesy CompuBench

Core i7 860
4.31 mHash/s
Core i3 4160
8.95 mHash/s

GeekBench 3 (Multi-core) Data courtesy Primate Labs

GeekBench 3 (Single core) Data courtesy Primate Labs

GeekBench 3 (AES single core) Data courtesy Primate Labs

Core i7 860
134,600 MB/s
Core i3 4160
3,620,000 MB/s

GeekBench (32-bit) Data courtesy Primate Labs

GeekBench (64-bit) Data courtesy Primate Labs

PassMark Data courtesy Passmark

PassMark (Single Core)

Specifications Full list of technical specs

summary

Core i7 860  vs
i3 4160 
Clock speed 2.8 GHz 3.6 GHz
Cores Quad core Dual core
Is unlocked No No

features

Has a NX bit Yes Yes
Supports trusted computing Yes No
Has virtualization support Yes Yes
Instruction set extensions
SSE2
MMX
SSE4
AVX
SSE3
SSE
SSE4.1
SSE4.2
Supplemental SSE3
AES
AVX 2.0
Supports dynamic frequency scaling Yes Yes

power consumption

TDP 95W 54W
Annual home energy cost 53.98 $/year 13.01 $/year
Annual commercial energy cost 157.68 $/year 47.3 $/year
Performance per watt 0.96 pt/W 12.89 pt/W
Typical power consumption 156.35W 43.88W

bus

Architecture DMI DMI 2.0
Number of links 1 0
Transfer rate 2,500 MT/s 5,000 MT/s

details

Core i7 860  vs
i3 4160 
Architecture x86-64 x86-64
Threads 8 4
L3 cache 8 MB 3 MB
L3 cache per core 2 MB/core 1.5 MB/core
Manufacture process 45 nm 22 nm
Max CPUs 1 1
Operating temperature Unknown - 72.7°C Unknown - 72°C

overclocking

Overclocked clock speed 4.14 GHz 3.67 GHz
Overclocked clock speed (Water) 4.15 GHz 3.81 GHz
Overclocked clock speed (Air) 4.14 GHz 3.67 GHz

integrated graphics

GPU None GPU
Label N/A Intel® HD Graphics 4400
Number of displays supported N/A 3
GPU clock speed N/A 350 MHz
Turbo clock speed N/A 1,150 MHz

memory controller

Memory controller Built-in Built-in
Memory type
DDR3-1600
DDR3L-1600
DDR3-1333
DDR3-1066
DDR3
Channels Dual Channel Dual Channel
Supports ECC No Yes
Maximum bandwidth 21,333.32 MB/s 25,600 MB/s
Maximum memory size 16,384 MB 32,768 MB
Intel Core i7 860
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Intel Core i3 4160
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