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Differences What are the advantages of each

Front view of Intel Celeron G1840

Reasons to consider the
Intel Celeron G1840

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Much more l3 cache 2 MB vs 0.5 MB 4x more l3 cache; more data can be stored in the l3 cache for quick access later
Has a built-in GPU Yes vs No Somewhat common; A separate graphics adapter is not required
Much newer manufacturing process 22 nm vs 45 nm A newer manufacturing process allows for a more powerful, yet cooler running processor
Significantly higher clock speed 2.8 GHz vs 2.3 GHz More than 20% higher clock speed
Much lower typical power consumption 43.06W vs 130.78W 3x lower typical power consumption
Much better performance per watt 2.76 pt/W vs 0.64 pt/W More than 4.2x better performance per watt
Much more l3 cache per core 1 MB/core vs 0.13 MB/core 8x more l3 cache per core
Much lower annual home energy cost 12.77 $/year vs 53.03 $/year 4.2x lower annual home energy cost
Much lower annual commercial energy cost 46.43 $/year vs 120.63 $/year 2.6x lower annual commercial energy cost
Newer Feb, 2014 vs Oct, 2009 Release date over 4 years later
Front view of AMD Athlon II X4 605e

Reasons to consider the
AMD Athlon II X4 605e

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Much more l2 cache 2 MB vs 0.5 MB 4x more l2 cache; more data can be stored in the l2 cache for quick access later
Supports dynamic frequency scaling Yes vs No Somewhat common; Allows for maximum performance when needed, while conserving power and minimizing heat production when not needed
More cores 4 vs 2 Twice as many cores; run more applications at once
More threads 4 vs 2 Twice as many threads
Much more l2 cache per core 0.5 MB/core vs 0.25 MB/core 2x more l2 cache per core

Benchmarks Real world tests of Celeron G1840 vs Athlon II X4 605e

GeekBench 3 (Multi-core) Data courtesy Primate Labs

GeekBench 3 (Single core) Data courtesy Primate Labs

GeekBench 3 (AES single core) Data courtesy Primate Labs

Celeron G1840
160,400 MB/s
Athlon II X4 605e
105.8 MB/s

PassMark Data courtesy Passmark

PassMark (Single Core)

Specifications Full list of technical specs

summary

Celeron G1840  vs
Athlon II X4 605e 
Clock speed 2.8 GHz 2.3 GHz
Cores Dual core Quad core
Socket type
LGA 1150
AM3
Is unlocked No No

features

Has a NX bit Yes Yes
Has virtualization support Yes Yes
Instruction set extensions
SSE4a
SSE2
MMX
SSE4
SSE3
SSE
SSE4.1
SSE4.2
3DNow!
Supplemental SSE3
Supports dynamic frequency scaling No Yes

details

Celeron G1840  vs
Athlon II X4 605e 
Architecture x86-64 x86-64
Threads 2 4
L2 cache 0.5 MB 2 MB
L2 cache per core 0.25 MB/core 0.5 MB/core
L3 cache 2 MB 0.5 MB
L3 cache per core 1 MB/core 0.13 MB/core
Manufacture process 22 nm 45 nm
Max CPUs 1 1
Operating temperature Unknown - 72°C Unknown - 72°C

integrated graphics

GPU GPU None
Label Intel® HD Graphics N/A
Number of displays supported 3 N/A
GPU clock speed 350 MHz N/A
Turbo clock speed 1,050 MHz N/A

power consumption

TDP 53W 45W
Annual home energy cost 12.77 $/year 53.03 $/year
Annual commercial energy cost 46.43 $/year 120.63 $/year
Performance per watt 2.76 pt/W 0.64 pt/W
Typical power consumption 43.06W 130.78W
Intel Celeron G1840
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AMD Athlon II X4 605e
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