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Differences What are the advantages of each

Front view of Intel Atom D510

Reasons to consider the
Intel Atom D510

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Much newer manufacturing process 45 nm vs 65 nm A newer manufacturing process allows for a more powerful, yet cooler running processor
Has a built-in GPU Yes vs No Somewhat common; A separate graphics adapter is not required
Much lower typical power consumption 10.56W vs 77.19W 7.3x lower typical power consumption
Much lower annual home energy cost 3.13 $/year vs 22.89 $/year 7.3x lower annual home energy cost
Much lower annual commercial energy cost 11.39 $/year vs 83.22 $/year 7.3x lower annual commercial energy cost
Newer Jan, 2010 vs Mar, 2008 Release date over 1 years later
Better performance per watt 1.79 pt/W vs 0.82 pt/W Around 2.2x better performance per watt
Front view of AMD Phenom X3 8600

Reasons to consider the
AMD Phenom X3 8600

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Much better geekbench 2 (32-bit) score 3,244 vs 946 Around 3.5x better geekbench 2 (32-bit) score
Significantly more l2 cache 2 MB vs 1 MB 2x more l2 cache; more data can be stored in the l2 cache for quick access later
Higher clock speed 2.3 GHz vs 1.66 GHz Around 40% higher clock speed
Supports dynamic frequency scaling Yes vs No Somewhat common; Allows for maximum performance when needed, while conserving power and minimizing heat production when not needed
Has virtualization support Yes vs No Somewhat common; Boosts performance of virtual machines
Better PassMark (Single core) score 769 vs 264 Around 3x better PassMark (Single core) score
Significantly better overclocked clock speed (Air) 2.71 GHz vs 1.77 GHz Around 55% better overclocked clock speed (Air)
More l2 cache per core 0.67 MB/core vs 0.5 MB/core Around 35% more l2 cache per core
More cores 3 vs 2 1 more cores; run more applications at once
Slightly better PassMark score 1,697 vs 654 More than 2.5x better PassMark score
Better overclocked clock speed (Water) 2.3 GHz vs 1.67 GHz Around 40% better overclocked clock speed (Water)

Benchmarks Real world tests of Atom D510 vs Phenom X3 8600

GeekBench (32-bit) Data courtesy Primate Labs

GeekBench

PassMark Data courtesy Passmark

PassMark (Single Core)

Specifications Full list of technical specs

summary

Atom D510  vs
Phenom X3 8600 
Clock speed 1.66 GHz 2.3 GHz
Cores Dual core Tri core

features

Has a NX bit Yes Yes
Has virtualization support No Yes
Instruction set extensions
SSE4a
SSE2
MMX
SSE3
SSE
3DNow!
Supplemental SSE3
Supports dynamic frequency scaling No Yes

power consumption

TDP 13W 95W
Annual home energy cost 3.13 $/year 22.89 $/year
Annual commercial energy cost 11.39 $/year 83.22 $/year
Performance per watt 1.79 pt/W 0.82 pt/W
Typical power consumption 10.56W 77.19W

details

Atom D510  vs
Phenom X3 8600 
Architecture x86-64 x86-64
Threads 4 3
L2 cache 1 MB 2 MB
L2 cache per core 0.5 MB/core 0.67 MB/core
Manufacture process 45 nm 65 nm
Max CPUs 1 1

overclocking

Overclocked clock speed 1.77 GHz 2.71 GHz
Overclocked clock speed (Water) 1.67 GHz 2.3 GHz
Overclocked clock speed (Air) 1.77 GHz 2.71 GHz

integrated graphics

GPU GPU None
Label Integrated N/A
Intel Atom D510
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AMD Phenom X3 8600
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